Discover Arizona Wine

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DISCOVER ARIZONA WINE
By Cori Solomon

 

BIG BLEND RADIO INTERVIEW: Cori Solomon discusses Arizona wines and wineries. Listen here in the YouTube player or download the podcast on PodBean or SoundCloud.

Arizona wine, like other areas of the southwest, goes back to the 1600s and Spanish missions.  Arizona’s documentation was sketchier compared to states like New Mexico, Texas, and California. When silver and gold prospectors came to Arizona and mining towns started booming, the demand for beer, spirits, and wine increased. This influx of people saw grapes planted in areas around Phoenix and Verde Valley. Prohibition put a halt to this budding industry. By the 1970s and 1980s, wine production began increasing again. 

Arizona had stiff laws restricting wine production and sales, but in 1982, the Arizona Farm Winery Act allowed wineries to sell to consumers. This law opened the door for the first licensed wineries. In 2014 a new regulation allowed winery tasting rooms off-site. Today many Arizona wineries have tasting rooms both at the winery and in the Phoenix or Scottsdale area.

Arizona Wine Regions
Arizona consists of three wine regions with two designated as AVAs. The third applied to become an AVA in 2020. 

Sonoita/Elgin lies in Southern Arizona, about an hour south of Tucson. The area sits at an elevation between 4500 and 5200 feet. Its location is surrounded by the Santa Rita, Mustang, Whetstone, and Huachuca Mountains making the soils a mixture of a thin and shallow reddish-brown gravely loam, forcing the vines to take longer to establish.  In 1984, Sonoita/Elgin became the first AVA in Arizona.

Wilcox obtained its AVA designation in 2016. The Willcox region lies east of the Sonoita/Elgin AVA and closer to the New Mexican border. The soils are alluvial, colluvial, and composed of loam consisting of sand, silt, and clay, which retain enough water to hydrate the vines. The diurnal variance can be as much as 50 degrees.

Verde Valley sits in the northwestern part of the state, two hours north of Phoenix. This area is known for its red rock formations.  Volcanic soils prevail at higher elevations. The valleys contain sandy and clay loam soils with alluvial deposits. This area is considered lusher. Verde Valley is in the process of obtaining its AVA designation. 

Arizona Wine Grape Varieties
The grape varieties cultivated in Arizona range from Spanish to French, encompassing a wide range of styles. Most wineries now lean towards the Mediterranean varieties. White grapes include Malvasia Bianca, Vermentino, Picpoul Blandc Marsanne, and Viognier. In the reds find Sangiovese, Grenache, Mourvédre, Aglianico, Syrah, Tempranillo, Petite Sirah and Graciano. 

Arizona Wineries
Join me in discovering a selection of wineries producing some great Arizona wine.

Aridus Wine Company: Scott and Joan Dahmer purchased 40 acres in Willcox in 2009 and started their winery in 2012. The 28 acres of vineyards consist of a mixture of loess and volcanic soils. With winemaker Lisa Strid at the helm, the winery produces about 3500 cases of wine.

Lisa feels that the process of winemaking revolves around a cycle, and along the way, there are surprises and challenges with each harvest, giving every vintage its unique character. Wines favorites:  Sauvignon Blanc and Graciano.

Caduceus Cellars and Merkin Vineyards: Many know Maynard Keenan from his rock band, but others know his quiet side, that of a winemaker. His musical background inspired him to create the music of wine. Merkin Vineyards and Caduceus Cellars are located in the Verde Valley, with vineyards both in the Verde Valley and Willcox. Here Maynard specializes in Italian and Spanish varieties. Wine favorites: Caduceus Mourvédre and the Merkin Jane Pink created from Monastrell.

Callaghan Vineyards: Kent Callaghan started his winery in the 1990s. He is considered one of the pioneers of Arizona wines and a mentor for many of the newer wineries. Today he cultivates 25 acres of grapes on his Buena Suerte Vineyard in the Sonoita region. The focus is Spanish and Rhone blends. Kent likens the terroir of his vineyard to a mini Paso Robles on the Eastside. Wine favorite: Claire’s, a combination of primarily Mourévedre, Graciano, and Petit Verdot. 

Chateau Tumbleweed: Located in Valley Verde, Chateau Tumbleweed is a collaboration of four friends who worked for other wineries. Their first vintage was in 2011. Today they source grapes from 10 Arizona vineyards. Wine favorite: Cimarron Vineyard Mourvédre.

Dos Cabezas WineWorks: The Winery has cultivated grapes since 1995 from two estate vineyards, Pronghorn Vineyard in Sonoita and Cimarron Vineyard in Willcox.  Each vineyard produces different wines.  Todd Bostock has been producing wines since 2006.  Todd creates some unusual blends. Wines favorites: El Norte, a blend of Grenache, Syrah, Mourvédre, Counoise, Graciano, and Petite Sirah, or the Dos Cabezas White, a blend of Picpoul Blanc, Roussanne, Viognier, Malvasia, Garnacha Blanca, and Muscat.

Garage-East: This urban wine bar and tasting room is part of Barnone, a commercial craftsman community in the town of Gilbert, and combines the talents of Todd and Kelly Bostock, owners of Dos Cabezas Wineworks and Brian, a retired fire chief, and Megan Ruffentine. They utilize grapes from  Dos Cabezas vineyards in both Willcox and Sonoita/Elgin. Wine favorites: Red Blend, a tribute to Spain, France, and Italy with its more unusual blend of Montepulciano, Barbera, and Aglianico. 

LDV Winery: The main tasting room is located in Scottsdale and the vineyards in the Willcox region. LDV, which stands for Lawrence Dunham Vineyards, produces Rhone varieties, including Grenache, Syrah, and Viognier. They also produce Petite Sirah. LDV ties Curt and Peggy Dunham’s vision of growing grapes in Arizona.

The label consists of three circles. The first circle represents nature, the second planting, and the third the making of wine. The words “Earth’s fruit comes full circle” unite the three circles. Each variety has a different background color. Blue represents the sky, while brown the soil, and purple represent the soil’s granite rock. Together the circles merge with the background creating harmony and balance and representing all parts of the winemaking process. Wine favorites: Viognier and the Petit Sirah.

Arizona wine depicts the arid climate, very much like Priorat in Spain or parts of Tuscany, which ultimately reflects the style of wine produced. A common thread through all these wineries is Mourvédre, which I call their workhorse wine.

Cori Solomon, an award-winning writer/photographer, based in Los Angeles, is often found traveling with her dogs in tow. Her blog, The Written Palette, features eclectic articles about her experiences traveling, dining, discovering new wines, wineries, and wine regions, as well as topics including art, history, and pets. Cori’s background in real estate and art plays a role in her writing as she utilizes the art palette both visually and verbally. Cori often highlights the story behind the restaurant, chef, winery, winemaker, or artist. Cori Founded LA Wine Writers, a group of seasoned wine writers.  She earned her WSET Level 2 Award in Wines and Spirits, received the NASA American Wine Specialist Certification and NASA Spanish Wine Specialist Certification. She is a member of the International Food Wine Travel Writers Association (IFWTWA), North American Travel Journalists Association (NATJA), Society of American Travel Writers (SATW), and Travel Writers Cafe. More: http://www.writtenpalette.com

 

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